Other RoHS Green Initiatives Worldwide
Your business probably will not escape RoHS compliance just because your products don't sell in the EU. There are other countries that have worked out their own version of RoHS as well.
California RoHS (SB20) Compliance
California RoHS took effect on January 1, 2007. California SB 20 and SB 50 contain both RoHS and WEEE-like provisions. SB20 applies only to CRT, LCD and plasma screens larger than four inches measured diagonally. SB50 extended coverage to products refurbished by the manufacturer for retail sale.
China RoHS Compliance
On February 28, 2006, China published a law titled "Administration on the Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products" (ACPEIP). The actual China RoHS Directive took effect from 1 March 2007.
China RoHS has product marking requirements for the six EU RoHS restricted substances for all applicable products. Disclosure can be at the component or ar the sub assembly level, but it has to be in a prescribed format in Chinese as detailed in "Marking for the control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products". China RoHS also used to be referred to as RPCEP (Regulation for Pollution Control of Electronic Products).
Japan RoHS Compliance
Whereas EU RoHS has a defined focus on restricting certain hazardous substances for one specific industry (electrical and electronic equipment), Japan RoHS is more comprehensive. The "Law for the Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources" seeks to establish a sustainable society based on reduction, reuse, and recycling. Construction companies and electric utilities are targeted as well as a wide range of manufacturers.
The law was passed in June 2000, with enforcement beginning April 2001. It amended the Resource Recycling Promotion Law of 1991 which relied upon voluntary initiatives. Japan RoHS also used to be referred to as JGPSSI (Japan Green Procurement Survey Standardization Initiative)
Korea RoHS Compliance
On April 2, 2007, the Act for Resource Recycling of Electrical and Electronic Equipment and Vehicles was adopted into law by the National Assembly of Korea. Electrical and electronic equipment is defined as equipment or devices operated by electric currents or electromagnetic fields. The definition of vehicles is adopted from Article 2(1) of the Automobile Management Act.
Korea's equivalent of the RoHS and WEEE directives adopts an Eastern approach by including "design for the environment" in its requirements. Implementation is geared toward improvement in product design and recycling technology as they become technically and economically feasible.
Norway RoHS Compliance (PoHS)
Norway intends to prohibit 18 substances from consumer goods under new legislation which is much wider than EU RoHS rules. Of the 18 substances only lead and cadmium are in common with EU RoHS. Called the "Prohibition on Certain Hazardous Substances in Consumer Products" this is referred to as PoHS.
Singapore RoHS Compliance (SG-RoHS)
Starting June 1, 2017, the Singapore Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR) adopted a regulation that prohibits the use of the six RoHS substances used in the following products: mobile phones, laptops, flat-panel TVs, refrigerators, air conditioners, and washing machines.
Turkey RoHS Compliance
Turkey announced the implementation of their Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) legislation effective June 2019. The legislation was created by the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry and includes manufacturers and sellers of electronic goods and includes products which are supplied by others under their own brand names.
Manufacturers must keep documentation showing that products they introduce to the market meet the criteria for legislation for 5 years starting from the date the product is released to the market. Manufacturers must also submit a Conformity Declaration Form to the Turkish government every year.